Maedi Visna Virus (VMV) is a lentivirus with antigenic variation and described in sheep and goat genomes (Sonigo et al. 1985; Braun, Clements and Gonda 1987; Clements et al. 1988). The genomic structure of a typical VMV retrovirus is 9.2 Kb including LTRs of 510 nt (pro 5´LTR-R/U5 and pro 3´LTR-U3/R of 160 and 350 nt, respectively). The internal region displays a Primer Binding Site (PBS) complementary to a tRNALys, Open Reading Frames (ORFs) for gag, pol and env genes characteristic of retroviruses, tat and rev and orfq (vif or sor), which are three accessory genes common in other lentiviruses, an orfw also displayed but corrupted in other sheep lentiviruses, and adjacent to the 3´LTR, a Polypurine Tract (PPT) common to other LTR retroelements (Sonigo et al. 1985). As other non-primate lentiviruses, VMV displays between the RNase H and INT domains, an ORF coding for a dUTPase (dU) similar to that observed in betaretroviruses, N-terminal to the PR domain (Elder et al. 1992; Payne and Elder 2001 and references therein).



Figure not to scale. If present, long terminal repeats (LTRs) have been highlighted in blue. Amino acid motifs noted with lines indicate the conserved residues in each protein domain, abbreviations below mean:

MA=matrix PR=protease DU or DUT=dUTPase TM=transmembrane TAV or IBMP=transactivator/viroplasmin or inclusion body matrix protein
CA=capsid RT=reverse transcriptase INT=Integrase CHR=chromodomain
NC=nucleocapsid RH=RNaseH SU=surface MOV=movement protein
PPT=polypurine tract PBS=primer binding site ATF=aphid transmission factor VAP=virion associated protein

Related literature

Genbank accession: M10608
Clade: Ovine/Caprine lentiviruses
Cluster or genus: Lentivirus
Branch or class: Class 2
Family: Retroviridae
System: LTR retroelements
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Welcome to the Gypsy Database (GyDB) an open editable database about the evolutionary relationship of viruses, mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and the genomic repeats where we invite all authors to contribute with their knowledge to improve and expand the topics.
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Llorens, C., Futami, R., Covelli, L., Dominguez-Escriba, L., Viu, J.M., Tamarit, D., Aguilar-Rodriguez, J. Vicente-Ripolles, M., Fuster, G., Bernet, G.P., Maumus, F., Munoz-Pomer, A., Sempere, J.M., LaTorre, A., Moya, A. (2011) The Gypsy Database (GyDB) of Mobile Genetic Elements: Release 2.0 Nucleic Acids Research (NARESE) 39 (suppl 1): D70-D74 doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq1061

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